feedback
Home

Natural Sciences


Faculty


Department Chair

Academic Advisor

Science Office Manager

  • Nola Poutoa, Science Office Manager (poutoan@byuh.edu)
    McKay 138D, Phone: (808) 675-3801, Fax: (808) 675-3825

Science Stockroom Manager

Professors

  • Goodwill, Roger (1994) B.S. 1966, Brigham Young University; M.S. 1975, Brigham Young University; D.A. 1983, Idaho State University

Associate Professors

  • Bruner, Phillip L. (1978) B.S. 1970, Church College of Hawaii; M.S. 1974, Louisiana State University.
  • Bybee, David (2007) B.S. 1997, Brigham Young University; PhD 2006, University of Hawaii
  • Cannon, Mark B. (2005) B.S. 2000, Utah State University; Ph.D. 2005, University of Oregon.
  • Gold, R. Shane (2004) B.S. 1992, University of Nebraska - Lincoln; M.S. 1994, University of Nebraska - Lincoln; Ph.D. 2002, Texas A&M University.
  • Jordan, Benjamin (2012) B.S. 1999, Brigham Young University; PhD 2004 University of Rhode Island
  • Scott, Daniel M. (2009) A.A. 1999, Brigham Young University Idaho; B.S. 2001, Brigham Young University—Hawaii; Ph.D. 2006, University of California.
  • Weber, Michael F. (1999) B.S. 1982, Brigham Young University; M.S. 1984, University of Michigan; Ph.D. 1988, University of Michigan.

Assistant Professors

  • Cornwall, Richard G. (2015) B.S. Chemistry 2008, Arizona State University; B.A. German 2008, Arizona State University; Ph.D. 2014, Colorado State University.
  • Lukov, Georgi L. (2010) M.D. 1997, Medical University-Plovdiv, Bulgaria; Ph.D. 2005 Brigham Young University.
  • Smith, Brad (2013) B.S. 2003, Texas A&M University; PhD 2006 Texas A&M University.
  • Weeks, Colby (2010) B.S. 2001, Brigham Young University; PhD 2006 University of California-Irvine.

Emeritus Faculty

  • Anderson, Dean M. (1997)
  • Day, Randy L. (2012)
  • Frederick, Gary D. (1988-2010)
  • Hammond, Dale A. (1959-2003)
  • Nicholes, Henry J. (1975)
  • Winget, Robert N. (2007)
  • Wrathall, Jay W. (1969-1999)

The Discipline


Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes in living organisms. All interactions and processes in biological systems are, at their foundation, chemical in nature and thus are governed by biochemistry. It is a dynamic and highly relevant field at the intersection of biology and chemistry and includes the study of the structures, functions, interactions, metabolism/catabolism, transport, and combinations of biological molecules. Biochemistry majors develop a strong foundation in the principles of chemistry and apply those principles to the study of living systems. 

The Biology major provides a rigorous research-based education for students, with a basic foundation in the life sciences. Special emphasis is placed on providing opportunities for students to participate in meaningful research in areas such as anatomy, genetics, physiology, molecular biology, evolution, natural history, and marine biology. This major seeks to prepare students for professional careers in teaching, government service, industry, research, and the medical professions.

Career Opportunities


Biochemistry has an ever-growing range of applications including biotechnology, bioinformatics, pharmaceuticals and medical sciences, bio-fuels and energy research, food science, toxicology, environmental and agricultural sciences, and even forensic science. The field of biochemistry, positioned at the intersection of chemistry, biology and physics, provides opportunities for collaboration and cooperation between numerous disciplines. Our graduates find employment in various clinical and industrial labs. Many of our students continue on to graduate programs in a variety of biochemistry-related fields. A high percentage of our pre-professional students are successfully placed in professional programs such as medical, dental and pharmaceutical schools. For more information visit this page from the American Chemical Society webpage.

With further education, career opportunities for Biomedical Science graduates include medicine, dentistry, optometry, podiatry, chiropractics, veterinary medicine, pharmacy, physician assistant, and other allied health professions. General Biology majors can utilize their degree to obtain careers in areas such as wildlife management, forestry conservation, environmental quality consulting, technical work, and park services. Students interested in aquaria, ocean conservation, marine research, and fisheries can use Marine Biology to prepare them for entrance into these fields. The study of Molecular Biology major has particular value for students preparing for jobs in genetics, consulting, research, forensics, and bioinformatics. The Biology Education Program, a cooperative program with the School of Education, is designed to prepare teachers to teach Biology in junior high or high school.

All Biology Major tracks provide opportunities for a variety of post-baccalaureate studies.

Programs and Degrees


  • B.S. Biochemistry
  • B.S. Chemistry Education (see Secondary Education)
  • B.S. Physical Science Education (see Secondary Education)
  • B.S. Physics Education (see Secondary Education)
  • B.S. Biology

Program Outcomes


Upon completing a major in Biochemistry, students will:

  1. Possess knowledge of the fundamental physical, chemical and biological principles and laws governing nature and life itself.
  2. Perform essential laboratory techniques, and employ scientific principles and laboratory skills to solve scientific problems.
  3. Convey scientific ideas and knowledge clearly and professionally, in both written and oral forms.
  4. Analyze and evaluate relevant scientific literature.

Upon completing a major in Biology, students will:

  1. Understand what makes life unique.
  2. Be able to describe the history of life from a biological perspective.
  3. Understand the unifying principles of biology.
  4. Recognize and discuss current biological issues and their impact on society.
  5. Demonstrate content knowledge of the discipline.
  6. Read, write, and understand biological literature.
  7. Learn how to conduct research through use of the scientific method.
  8. Realize appropriate stewardship accountabilities and the need to help improve society.
Visit the Natural Sciences department website

Admission to All Programs

All undergraduate degree programs in the Department of Biology are open enrollment.

Major and Minor Requirements

The Biochemistry Department in close cooperation with the Biology Department provides each student the opportunity to develop a sound foundation in biochemistry. This foundation is solidified as each student participates in a required four semester group research project. They learn to apply their biochemical knowledge, to be proficient with biochemical laboratory techniques, and to report experimental results using oral and written methods.

In addition to completing a set of Science Core requirements, each student will select one of four possible major tracts: General Biology, Marine Biology, Biomedical Sciences, or Molecular Biology.

  1. A minimum of 60 hours is required of all biology majors to include 15 hours of Science Core, 8 hours of Chemistry Core, and 12-20 hours of Biology Core requirements (depending on track), and 0-20 hours of Major Emphasis requirements (depending on track), and 5-18 hours of Emphasis Elective requirements (depending on track).
  2. Courses accepted for completing Major Elective requirements for each Biology major tract are specified below. BIOL 100, BIOL 199R, BIOL 399R, and BIOL 496R cannot be counted as elective credits. In addition, only one credit of 495R can be counted for elective credit.
  3. No grade lower than C- will be accepted as fulfilling major or minor requirements.
  4. A student will be dropped as a biology major or minor after two unsuccessful attempts at passing a core or elective biology class.
  5. For B.S. Biology Education requirements see Secondary Education portion of catalog.

B.S. Biochemistry (62 HOURS)-effective Winter 2016-2017

 

Science Core Requirements (12 hours)

  • BIOL 112/L General Biology (4)
  • CHEM 105/L General Chemistry I (meets Physical Science General Education requirement) (4)
  • CHEM 106/L General Chemistry II (4)

Major Core Requirements (41 hours)

  • CHEM 201 Chemical & Laboratory Safety (1)
  • CHEM 326/L Analytical Biochemistry (4)
  • CHEM 351/L Organic Chemistry I (4)
  • CHEM 352/L Organic Chemistry II (4)
  • CHEM 381/L Biochemistry I (4)
  • CHEM 382/L Biochemistry II (4)
  • CHEM 468/L Physical Biochemistry (4)
  • CHEM 491 Undergraduate Research (1)
  • CHEM 492-4 Undergraduate Research (3)
  • BIOL 441/L Molecular Biology/Lab (4)
  • PHYS 121/L General Physics I/Lab (4)
  • PHYS 220/L General Physics II/Lab (4)
  • PHYS 221/L General Physics III/Lab (4)

Chemistry Electives (3 hours)-Select one

  • CHEM 395 Organic Spectroscopy (3)
  • CHEM 450 Advanced Organic Synthesis (3)
  • CHEM 370 Inorganic Chemistry (3)

Biology Electives (minimum 6 hours)

  • BIOL 220/L Microbiology/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 260/L Elementary Human Anatomy/Lab (3)
  • BIOL 261/L Elementary Human Physiology/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 340 Biostatistics (3) or MATH 221 Principles of Statistics (3)
  • BIOL 376/L Genetics/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 442/L Cellular Biology/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 460 Advanced Human Anatomy (3)
  • BIOL 465/L Principles of Physiology (4)

 

Grade Policy:

  1. To graduate with a major in Biochemistry, a student cannot have a grade lower than C- in a core course, and can only repeat* up to 3 courses in the major.
  2. One repeat* is allowed per major course.  If after a repeat the grade is still lower than C-, a student will not be able to continue in the Biochemistry major (for an exception, see 5).
  3. A repeat* of a second major course would be permitted only with the authorization from the department chair.
  4. A repeat* of a third major course would be permitted only with authorizations from the department chair and the dean.
  5. A student may have a D grade in one major course.

     * Repeat because of a grade lower than C-

 


B.S. Chemistry Education (80 HOURS)
See Secondary Education » Learn more.

B. S. Physical Science Education (77 HOURS)
See Secondary Education » Learn more.



B.S. Physics Education (80 HOURS)
See Secondary Education » Learn more.

B.S. Biology (60 hours) effective Winter 2016-2017

 

General Science Core (19 credits)

  • BIOL 112/L Biology I - Cell & Molecular Biology/Lab (meets Biological Science General Education requirement) (4)
  • BIOL 113 Biology II - Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology (3)
  • CHEM 105/L General Chemistry I (meets Physical Science General Education requirement) (4)
  • CHEM 106/L General Chemistry II (4)
  • BIOL 491 Introduction to Scientific Research (1)
  • BIOL 492 Scientific Writing (3)

Biology Core Requirements (Minimum 20 hours) - Select 2 courses from each of the following three divisions:

 
Cell and Molecular Biology
  • BIOL 220/L Microbiology/Lab (4) or BIOL 222/L Marine Microbiology/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 376/L Genetics/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 441/L Molecular Biology/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 442/L Cellular Biology/Lab (4)
 
Organismal Biology
  • BIOL 201/L General Botany/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 206/L General Zoology/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 212/L Marine Biology/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 260/L Elementary Human Anatomy/Lab (3)
  • BIOL 261/L Elementary Human Physiology/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 383/L Histology/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 460/L Advanced Human Anatomy/Lab (3)
  • BIOL 465/L Principles of Physiology/Lab (4)
 
Ecology, Evolution and Population Biology
  • BIOL 204/L Pacific Natural History/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 248/L Conservation/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 300/L Animal Behavior/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 340 Biostatistics (3) or MATH 221 Principles of Statistics (3)
  • BIOL 350/L Ecology/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 374 Evolution & Human Prehistory (3)
  • BIOL 376/L Genetics/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 412/L Marine Ecology/Lab (4)

 

Electives (17-21 credits) - The combined credit total of the General Science Core, Biology Core and Electives should equal a minimum of 60 credits.

 

  • BIOL *** Any Biology Core Course listed above (3-21)
  • BIOL 390R Special Topics (3-4)
  • OCEN 201 Oceanography and Marine Sciences (3)
  • CHEM 351/L Organic Chemistry I/Lab (4)
  • CHEM 352/L Organic Chemistry II/Lab (4)
  • CHEM 381/L Biochemistry I/Lab (4)
  • CHEM 382/L Biochemistry II/Lab (4)
  • PHYS 121/L General Physics I/Lab (4)
  • PHYS 220/L General Physics II/Lab (4)
  • PHYS 221/L General Physics III/Lab (4)

 

Biology Requirements (General Biology Track)

  • All students majoring in Biology need to complete a minimum of 24 credits of 300-400 level courses.
  • Students are not required to complete a specific emphasis in Biology. Those not pursuing an emphasis, would be in the General Biology track by default.
  • For students who are not in the Biomedical track and wish to pursue an advanced degree (MS, PhD, MD, DO, DDS, PA, PT etc.) we highly recommend the following courses: Organic Chemistry, Physics and Genetics in addition to other Biology courses as required by the graduate program of interest.

Grade Policy

  1. To graduate with a major in Biology, a student cannot have a grade lower than C- in a core course and can only repeat* up to three courses in the major.
  2. One repeat* is allowed per major course. If after a repeat the grade is still lower than C-, a student will not be able to continue in the Biology major (for an exception, see 5).
  3. A repeat* of a second major course would be permitted only with the authorization from the department chair.
  4. A repeat* of a third major course would be permitted only with authorizations from the department chair and the dean.
  5. A student may have a D grade in one major elective course.

     * Repeat because of a grade lower than C-

 

Emphasis/Track Requirements

Students seeking to graduate with an emphasis in Biology must complete the emphasis requirements listed below, within the requirements for B.S. in Biology.

  1. Marine Biology Emphasis Requirements (23 hours):

    The following courses must be completed:

    • BIOL 206/L General Zoology/Lab (4)
    • BIOL 212/L Marine Biology/Lab (4)
    • BIOL 222/L Marine Microbiology/Lab (4)
    • BIOL 376/L Genetics/Lab (4)
    • BIOL 412/L Marine Ecology/Lab (4)
    • OCEN 201 Oceanography and Marine Science (3)

     

  2. Molecular Biology (28 hours):

    The following courses must be completed:

    • BIOL 220/L Microbiology/Lab (4)
    • BIOL 376/L Genetics/Lab (4)
    • BIOL 441/L Molecular Biology/Lab (4)
    • BIOL 442/L Cell Biology/Lab (4)
    • CHEM 351/L Organic Chemistry I/Lab (4)
    • CHEM 352/L Organic Chemistry II/Lab (4)
    • CHEM 381/L Biochemistry I/Lab (4)

     

  3. Biomedical Sciences (30-31 hours):

    The following courses must be completed:

    • BIOL 220/L Microbiology (4) or BIOL 260/L Elementary Human Anatomy/Lab (3) or BIOL 261/L Elementary Human Physiology/Lab (3) or BIOL 465/L Principles of Physiology/Lab (4)
    • BIOL 340 Biostatistics (3) or MATH 221 Principles of Statistics (3)
    • BIOL 376/L Genetics/Lab (4)
    • BIOL 441/L Molecular Biology/Lab (4) or BIOL 442/L Cell Biology/Lab (4) or CHEM 381/L Biochemistry I/Lab (4)
    • CHEM 351/L Organic Chemistry I/Lab (4)
    • CHEM 352/L Organic Chemistry II/Lab (4)
    • PHYS 121/L General Physics I/Lab (4)
    • PHYS 220/L General Physics II/Lab (4) or PHYS 221/L General Physics III/Lab (4)

B.S. Biology Education (86 hours)

See Secondary Education » Learn more.


Biochemistry Minor (20 HOURS)

  • CHEM 105/L General Chemistry I (4)
  • CHEM 106/L General Chemistry II (4)
  • CHEM 351/L Organic Chemistry I (4)
  • CHEM 352/L Organic Chemistry II (4)
  • CHEM 381/L Biochemistry I (4)

Biology Minor (19 hours)

  • BIOL 112/L Biology I - Cell and Molecular Biology/Lab (4)
  • BIOL 113 Biology II - Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology (3)
  • CHEM 105/L General Chemistry I/Lab (4)
  • BIOL _____ Any Biology Course*/Lab (4)
  • BIOL _____ Any Advanced Biology Course/Lab (4)

*BIOL 100, 399R, 495R, or 496R cannont count toward fulfilling the Biology Minor.


Chemistry Minor (20 HOURS)

  • CHEM 105/L General Chemistry I (4)
  • CHEM 106/L General Chemistry II (4)
  • CHEM 351/L Organic Chemistry I (4)
  • CHEM 352/L Organic Chemistry II (4)
  • CHEM 326/L Analytical Biochemistry (4)

Preprofessional Program

Biochemistry is an excellent major for students interested in continuing their education at professional schools (medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, optometry, etc.). However, these students should carefully study the requirements of their desired professional programs and meet with the academic advisor and the pre-professional faculty advisor (Dr. Lukov) early in their undergraduate career to prepare a proper course of study.


Graduate School Prerequisite and Entrance Exam Preparation

The following courses are neither required by any Biology major emphasis or Biological Sciences minor, nor count as fulfilling Biology Emphasis Elective requirements, but are recommended for Graduate School Prerequisites and Entrance Exam Preparation.

  • MATH 112 Calculus I (5)
  • PHYS 121/L General Physics I (4)
  • PHYS 122/L General Physics II (4)
  • PHYS 221/L General Physics III (4)